Tag Archives: Bleeding Gums

Reasons Your Gums Hurt by San Diego Periodontics & Implant DentistryMost people experience sore gums at some point in their lives. But just because it’s common doesn’t mean it should go ignored. Your sore gums may be trying to tell you something. No need to panic. There are a number of possible reasons your gums hurt, and they’re not all scary. Although it can be a sign of a complex issue with your oral health, in many cases, gum pain can be relieved by making a simple change to your routine.

Here are 10 possible reasons your gums hurt:

1. Hard toothbrush bristles

Brushing with a hard-bristled brush can damage the gum tissue and wear away tooth enamel, resulting in gum pain and tooth sensitivity. A toothbrush with soft, nylon bristles is sufficient for cleaning the teeth and protecting the gums.

2. Overly vigorous brushing

While it may seem like vigorous brushing is the best way to get your teeth clean, it does far more harm than good. Instead of pressing down hard and brushing back and forth, apply just enough pressure to feel the bristles against the teeth and gums, and brush in a gentle, circular motion. Gentle brushing gets the job done, as long as you’re consistent and thorough.

3. Gum disease

Painful gums are often linked to gum disease. Poor oral hygiene causes bacteria to form plaque on the teeth, and as it accumulates under the gums, they become inflamed and sore. If left untreated, gum disease destroys the tissue around the teeth, causing tooth loss and other dental issues. One reason it’s important to visit your dentist at least twice a year is to catch gum disease in its early stages and reverse it before it can do damage.

4. Canker sore

When gum pain is localized, it may be the result of a canker sore, a small open wound in the mouth. Canker sores can be caused by tissue injury from a toothbrush slip, the sharp edge of a corn chip or other hard food, or an allergy to something in your food or toothpaste. Certain acidic foods or underlying health conditions can also cause canker sores. Normally, they go away on their own in a few days, though certain health conditions may cause them to last longer. If you have a canker sore that won’t go away, see a doctor or dentist right away, as it could be a sign of oral cancer.

5. Periodontal abscess

Another possible cause of localized gum pain is an abscess, which is a pocket of pus caused by a bacterial infection. Abscesses can form on the gums or in the area around a tooth. They result in gum pain and tooth sensitivity, and may be accompanied by fever or a bad taste in the mouth. If you have a periodontal abscess, it’s important to visit your periodontist right away.

6. Hormonal changes

The hormonal changes women experience during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause can result in red, swollen, or painful gums. Stay in touch with your dentist to maintain your oral health and discuss possible home remedies for relief.

7. Braces

Swollen gums are common when braces are new, and then again whenever they’re tightened. The presence of the metal brackets and pressure from eating certain foods can also irritate the gums, causing them to swell and become sore. Additionally, braces can make it difficult to properly brush away all the plaque, putting the individual at risk of gum disease. Be sure to alert your dentist and orthodontist if your gums remain sore.

8. Poor-Fitting dentures

It is expected to have some soreness for a few days after receiving your dentures. But when the pain lasts, it could be a sign that they don’t fit properly. If your gums remain sore, your dentures may need to be adjusted.

9. Smoking or tobacco chewing

Smoking and tobacco chewing put the individual at risk for a number of health problems, including gum disease, weakened immune system, oral cancer, and other factors that can result in painful, swollen, and infected gums.

10. Poor diet

Diet plays a significant role in gum health as well. Poor eating habits and overly restrictive diets result in a lack of necessary nutrients for keeping the body healthy. Because teeth and gums are living parts of the body, they suffer when nutritional needs are not met. Talk to your dentist about the best foods for your oral health.

Struggling with sore gums? Schedule an appointment with Dr. Kwok today.

If you’re experiencing gum pain that won’t go away even after you switch to a softer toothbrush or change to more gentle brushing habits, it’s probably time to visit a periodontist. At San Diego Periodontics and Implant Dentistry, Dr. Kwok is dedicated to helping each of his patients optimize their oral health. When you come in for your consultation, he’ll thoroughly evaluate the condition of your gums, discuss your symptoms and concerns, and provide you with the best treatment options to relieve your pain and keep you healthy.

For more information or to schedule an appointment, call (619) 543-0905 today.

why gums bleed when brushing teeth

If your gums bleed when you brush your teeth, you might not think much of it. But even though a little pink-tinged toothpaste in the sink twice a day may seem inconsequential, it could be a sign of a big problem.

Healthy gums aren’t supposed to bleed, even a little, and especially not every day. There could be a number of different reasons why your gums are bleeding, from incorrect hygiene habits to chronic health conditions. Here are a few of the most common causes of bleeding gums.

1. You’re brushing and/or flossing too hard

Daily flossing and twice-daily brushing is an essential part of maintaining a healthy mouth. But using too much force when cleaning your teeth and gums can damage your gums, causing the gumline to erode. Signs of receding gums include soreness and bleeding, and left untreated, they can eventually lead to tooth loss.

Solution: The American Dental Association recommends using a soft-bristled toothbrush and non-abrasive toothpaste. And when brushing and flossing, remember to apply gentle pressure, and go easy on your gums to prevent damage.

2. You have gum disease

A telltale sign of periodontal disease are gums that bleed easily when you brush or floss. In its early stages, gum disease takes the form of gingivitis, causing redness, swelling, and irritation where your gums meet the base of your teeth. Gingivitis can progress to a more serious gum disease known as periodontitis, which infects the deeper layer of soft tissue and can cause damage to your teeth and bones.

Solution: After a comprehensive oral exam, your dentist will recommend the right course of action to treat your gum disease. Depending on the severity and location of the infection, you may need professional cleaning, scaling and root planing, or surgical treatments. Most gum disease results from poor oral hygiene habits, so be you’re sticking to a regular recommended brushing and flossing routine, too.

3. You have an abscessed tooth

When a cavity or crack in your tooth goes untreated, harmful bacteria can enter the crevices and infect the dental pulp, an area of your tooth containing blood vessels and nerves. An infection at this depth can cause the tooth root to swell, creating tender, inflamed gums. Brushing and flossing along the area can not only incite bleeding, but it may be very painful as well.

Solution: To treat an abscessed tooth, your dentist may drain the area or perform a root canal to heal the infection while saving the tooth. In severe cases, though, the tooth itself must be extracted to completely eliminate the infection.

4. Your dentures or partials don’t fit properly

Dentures should feel comfortable and allow you to eat, speak, and smile with ease. But over time, as you experience bone loss in your jaw, your mouth will change shape, causing your once-comfortable dentures to become ill-fitting. Ill-fitting dentures can irritate your gums, causing pain, discomfort, and bleeding, and ignoring these symptoms can lead to long-term health issues, such as mouth ulcers or infections.

Solution: To prevent continued bone loss in your jaw, consider dental implants. Since dental implants mimic the structure of a natural tooth root, your jawbone gets the stimulation needed to maintain its density. And unlike dentures, dental implants prevent receding gumlines, keeping your gum tissues healthy and supporting your existing natural teeth.

5. You have an underlying health condition

Sometimes, bleeding gums can be caused by something other than your oral health or hygiene. For example, if you’re on a blood thinner, such as heparin or warfarin, you may bleed more easily when you brush your teeth. Pregnant women can also experience bleeding gums due to hormonal changes that contribute to inflammation, and occasionally, pregnancy-related gingivitis. Additionally, certain vitamin deficiencies can cause weakened gum tissue and impede your body’s ability to heal.

Solution: Ensure you’re eating a healthy diet, with plenty of Vitamin C. And if you’re concerned that an underlying medical condition may be causing your gums to bleed, make an appointment with your doctor for a full physical exam.

San Diego Periodontics & Implant Dentistry can treat your bleeding gums

Whatever the cause of your bleeding gums, San Diego Periodontics & Implant Dentistry can help you find the solution. Dr. Kwok is committed to understanding your periodontal problems, devising appropriate treatment plans, and providing the best service possible in a safe, comfortable, and professional environment.

Call us at (619) 543-0905 and let us help you develop a plan for long-term periodontal health.