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The main cause of periodontal disease is bacterial plaque, a sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth. If not carefully removed by daily brushing and flossing, plaque hardens into a rough, porous substance known as calculus (or tartar). Other factors can also affect the health of your gums, including:

  • Smoking.
  • Diabetes.
  • Stress.
  • Clenching and grinding teeth.
  • Medication.
  • Poor nutrition.
  • Pregnancy and puberty.

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