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Gum Disease FAQs by SD Periodontics & Implant Dentistry

Gum Disease FAQs: What You Need to Know About Gingivitis and Periodontitis

Do you notice bleeding when you brush or floss your teeth? Are your gums swollen, red or tender? You might be developing gum disease. Here are some frequently asked questions about the condition.

What Are the Symptoms of Gingivitis?

Gingivitis, or early gum disease, often produces symptoms such as red, tender gums and bleeding while flossing. You also might notice bleeding while eating hard or crunchy foods. Your dental hygienist might tell you that you have some pockets in your gums where they attach to your teeth.

What Are the Symptoms of Periodontitis?

As gum disease progresses, it can turn to periodontitis. Symptoms are more severe than those found with gingivitis. Pockets will get larger and you might notice pus seeping out between your gums and your teeth. Your teeth might get loose. You might get sores in your mouth or struggle with a foul taste or smell coming from your mouth.

What Are the Dangers of Gum Disease?

Periodontitis can cause tooth loss and serious infections. In rare cases, the infection can spread. There are also indications that dental infections can cause heart problems or exacerbate the symptoms of diabetes. It’s important to have your gum disease treated promptly by a San Diego periodontist.

What Causes Gum Disease?

Causes include smoking and poor dental hygiene. There are also risk factors you might not be able to control, such as genetics, age and underlying diseases like diabetes or heart disease.

What Is a Periodontist?

A periodontist is a gum specialist. They help prevent, diagnose and treat gum disease. They also place dental implants.

How Does a Periodontist Treat Gum Disease?

Your periodontist will first instruct you in good oral hygiene. In cases of mild gingivitis, improving your dental hygiene can actually reverse the condition and improve the health of your gums. If the disease has progressed to periodontitis, treatments might include scaling and root planing, laser treatment, and various surgical treatments. San Diego Periodontics & Implant Dentistry will talk to you about the options that are best for your gums.

How Can Someone Prevent Gum Disease?

Having excellent oral hygiene and seeing your dentist regularly can help prevent gum disease. Quit smoking if you currently smoke. Let your dentist know what medications you are on because some drugs can cause gum inflammation. Finally, follow your dentist’s recommendations when it comes to keeping your gums and teeth healthy. Do you have any other question(s) we may not have addressed here? Give us a call at (619) 543-0905, we’d be more than happy to talk to you.